Economic Impact of Gambling


Gambling is the risking of something of value on an event that is determined at least in part by chance with the intent to win. It includes activities like slot machines, playing bingo, buying lottery or scratch-off tickets and office pool betting. This risking of money or other valuables leads to a surge of dopamine in the brain that is associated with feelings of pleasure. The rush of this neurotransmitter can distract people from the things they need to do, such as eating and sleeping, and they may begin to seek out gambling more frequently to experience these feelings.

Some people are more prone to gambling problems than others, including those who are low income or those with certain medical conditions. These individuals are also more likely to be addicted to other substances, such as drugs or alcohol. Some studies have shown that genetic factors are involved in gambling disorder, and they can affect how a person processes rewards and control impulses.

Many governments have legalized and regulated gambling in order to increase revenue. This revenue can be used for public projects such as roads, schools and healthcare facilities. It also provides jobs for casino hosts, hostesses, dealers, software developers and designers, pit bosses and people working in catering, security and accounting.

Most economic impact studies focus on one aspect of gambling’s effects and don’t attempt to identify all costs or benefits. However, in a study that strays from traditional economic impact analysis, Grinols and Omorov (1995) used benefit-cost analysis to determine whether increased access to casinos would offset the externality costs of pathological gambling (criminal justice system costs, social service costs and lost productivity). They concluded that it wouldn’t.